What is the Flipped Classroom?

The flipped classroom refers to a model of learning that rearranges how time is spent both in and out of class to shift the ownership of learning from the educators to the students. After class, students manage the content they use, the pace and style of learning, and the ways in which they demonstrate their knowledge, and the teacher becomes the guide, adapting instructional approaches to suit their learning needs and supporting their personal learning journeys. Rather than the teacher using class time to lecture to students and dispense information, that work is done by each student after class, and could take the form of watching video lectures, listening to podcasts, perusing enhanced e-book content, collaborating with their peers in online communities, and more. Students can access this wide variety of resources any time they need them. In the flipped classroom model, valuable class time is devoted to more active, project-based learning where students work together to solve local or global challenges — or other real-world applications — to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Teachers can also devote more time interacting with each individual. The goal is for students to learn more authentically by doing, with the teacher guiding the way; the lecture is no longer the expected driver of concept mastery. The flipped classroom model is part of a larger pedagogical movement that overlaps with blended learning, inquiry-based learning, and other instructional approaches and tools that are meant to be flexible, active, and more engaging for students. It has the potential to better enable educators to design unique and quality learning opportunities, curriculum, and assessments that are more personal and relevant to students’ lives.

INSTRUCTIONS: Enter your responses to the questions below. This is most easily done by moving your cursor to the end of the last item and pressing RETURN to create a new bullet point. Please include URLs whenever you can (full URLs will automatically be turned into hyperlinks; please type them out rather than using the linking tools in the toolbar). Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: - Larry Larry Feb 8, 2012

(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • The flipped classroom is relevant. This is not only about ICT in teaching but mostly about changing the idea of ​​how learning takes place. > We have discussed the problem with homework for a long time, and we know that there is a wide variation in the effectiveness of homework for our students. Homework is highly associated with variable factors favoring independent learners with excellent capabilities. > Another factor is that students with immigrant background can have problems with understanding of concepts, and the variation in the learning effect will be even greater.- ingvill.rasmussen ingvill.rasmussen Sep 17, 2013 > In traditional teaching there is a lot of one-way communication through lectures. This is a problem for students with concentration problems and students who learn well visually, but not auditory, they might drop out along the way. Much of the work assignment and practical exercise are left to the students themselves, based on the factors mentioned above. This can lead to a bigger gap in skills between students. Last but not least, many students are not "on", they are not mentally prepared when the lesson starts. > By posting videos and links teachers can prepare students before they start a new topic. Students who have been ill, or for other reasons are absent when a new topic is taught can follow the teaching at home or elsewhere. Students who are struggling to achieve the tasks can also stop the film along and try for themself. (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013) * Flipping classroom is about turning information into knowledge, as one of many tools - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • Flipping classroom can be a way to help student prepare for participation in whole class discussions. It is often a challenge to get all students to take part. It is important to take part in whole class discussion because this is a setting where students can try out their thinking and reasoning - and where teachers can clarify misconceptions, where a group can discuss different contents and topics - ingvill.rasmussen ingvill.rasmussen Sep 17, 2013
  • I think the most important thing about Flipped classroom is the way we think about teaching and learning and also display teachers and make their teaching more transparent. To be able to see things explained in different ways, see how to solve matemathical problems on videos that you bring on your exam could also implicate some changes here. Khan is low tech, but it works because you can track the students and they can ask questions and get them answered. I think Flipped classoom together with adaptive learning and gamification could make big changes in the educational sector.- nina.fjeldheim2 nina.fjeldheim2 Sep 18, 2013
  • I believe this represent a fundamental shift in ways of conceiving how knowledge building can be supported in new ways. The time spent together in schools can be used more productively as communities of learners. It challenges how teachers see their own role interactions with their students. - ola.erstad ola.erstad Sep 28, 2013

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • This is relevant now because it has become easier to make small films and because teachers themselves are seeking information by watching videos and reading articles online. Previously they related mainly to the textbook. (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013)
  • Digital divide: how do you get access to the flipped content before class? And do the teachers have to skills and tools and time to flip? - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • Teachers need new competence in designing learning trajectories when they flip the classroom - ingvill.rasmussen ingvill.rasmussen Sep 17, 2013 * Mixing it with tracking and tasks and is it a goal that everybody should do this. There are technical issues and publishing issues as well.- nina.fjeldheim2 nina.fjeldheim2 Sep 18, 2013
  • A teh number of flipped lectures arise, the students must learn to become more and more critical to the content and how it is served. I believe the best flippedclassrooms are firmly grounded in the student's own teacher and how he/she chooses to present the material. Only one with intimate knowledge of teh student's challenges and goals will be able to provide content targeted directly at the student's needs. Collecting a batch of generic videos will never have the same impact. - ingunn.kjol.wiig ingunn.kjol.wiig Sep 22, 2013

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on Norwegian K-12 education?

  • This could change the way we understand learning. Flipped Classroom fits well with other current trends in Norwegian school as; Assessment for Learning, Ny Giv-methodology and learning management. (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013)
  • The way we pick up skills outside the classroom has changed, YouTube is more important than paper. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • - June.M.Breivik June.M.Breivik Sep 16, 2013 I question how much the flipped classroom actually changes education. If the pedagogy and concept of knowledge is the same, the flipped classroom will give some benefits because it adds flexibility. But it still stands for a reproductive view of education, where the target is to learn and reproduce the curriculum and where the teacher is the gateway to learning. The students as producers do not come naturally from the flipped model. Nor the concept of homework vs school. In the flipped model homework is still a vital part (or could be)- nina.fjeldheim2 nina.fjeldheim2 Sep 18, 2013
  • Students will look to youtube for solutions to more and more problems. They know how to pick up information from videos. Also its a way of alternating between different methods and motivation wise to learn from the best. - nina.fjeldheim2 nina.fjeldheim2 Sep 18, 2013

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • Some teachers at my school are trying this out. These are teachers who have a special interest in ICT in learning and who have the knowledge and skills. > There is a general interest for Flipped Classroom among teachers. (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013)
  • Sør-Trøndelag fylkeskommune is trying this out this fall. In higher ed the eCampus program delivers video tools to all lecturers, and we have had quite many asking for the same services for K-12 - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • - June.M.Breivik June.M.Breivik Sep 16, 2013 teachers all over the country are trying flipped classroom. At BI Stavanger we are trying out flipped lecture, where all lectures are replaced by videos. A huge success, the students love it.
  • I know individual teachers that are trying this out- ingvill.rasmussen ingvill.rasmussen Sep 17, 2013
  • Lots of projects. We have tried to use Flipped classroom in all subjects and see quite a few challenges connected to technical wuestions (we use pro version of Screencast-o-matic), the sound and light quality of the videos, the technical skills of the teachers, the willingness to show their faces on the video, the high standards they apply as to how good the videos should be, the vide range of different way of use flipping, i.e. cooperation with different companies, possibility to make interviews and do videos while abroad or visiting interesting places and so on and so on...- nina.fjeldheim2 nina.fjeldheim2 Sep 18, 2013

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