What is Crowd Sourcing?

Crowd sourcing refers to a set of methods that can be used to motivate a community to contribute ideas, information, or content that would otherwise remain undiscovered. Its rapidly growing appeal stems from its effectiveness in filling gaps that cannot be bridged by other means. One of the most well known examples of this is Wikipedia, where volunteers provide information and definitions for subject matter of their expertise. Crowd sourcing generates what is known as the explicit form of collective intelligence. Knowledge is constantly refined through the contributions of thousands of authors. Within the academy, crowd sourcing is often a way for researchers to draw on public knowledge to provide missing historical or other specific details related to communities or families, complete large-scale tasks, or solve inherently complex issues. For many tasks, institutions are finding that amateur scholars or even people whose lives simply were contemporary to the event, object, images, or other research focus being documented are remarkably effective in providing deep level detail around a topic or in documenting a large body of materials. Related to crowd sourcing in many ways is crowd funding, an effort to raise money through a network of people -- usually through resources on the Internet. Many organizations, especially start-ups, turn to online tools such as Kickstarter to finance new projects and products. Crowd funding has been known to support many different activities, from helping communities recover from disasters to free software development.

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Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: - Larry Larry Oct 30, 2011

(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • The principle of crowd sourcing is that more heads are better than one. In schools too often important decisions are made by few individuals. Using Crowd sourcing with all the school's stakeholders for ideas, skills, or participation, the quality of content and idea generation in most cases could be a lot better than today. There is a trend towards more teachers involvement in professional development, letting the teachers pitch in ideas on what they want to learn and how. The same should be applied with other important decisions involving the school. It is a great way to get students, teachers, other staff, parents and the community to contribute and be involved in the decision making. The technology makes this possible in a whole new way. - Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Sep 15, 2013
  • Enrolling students as crowd sources is something that has been done on paper for at least 50 years, for example in local history, gathering place names or interviewing grandmothers. Getting the information online, and making students active participants is taking it one step further. In upper secondary this also teaches the beginning of professional data management (electricians need to know a lot of data about each house they are in) - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • Citizen Science gives several examples of relevance, one successful example is artsobservasjoner.no, within mijølæreprosjektet there were also several good examples, but also within health issues- per.hetland per.hetland Sep 17, 2013

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • The link with vocational training and the data management skills used in specific professions. Lorry drivers need to use GIS/maps, plumbers need to document their pipes, nursing assistants need to log information about a patient. The current vogue of self tracking is another example of existing trends from outside the classroom. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • Health and the prevention of growing health problems is important- per.hetland per.hetland Sep 17, 2013

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on Norwegian K-12 education?

  • The potential impact of this for school could be that the stakesholders get more inovlved with the schools and by that contribute to the school's development in the community. Norway in general has low parent participation in the higher grades compared to primary school. This could be a way to engange the parents. - Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Sep 15, 2013
  • Being closer to real life, not all crowd sourcing is in the open domain. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • Participation in real life problems- per.hetland per.hetland Sep 17, 2013

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

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