What is BYOD?

The term BYOD, which stands for “Bring Your Own Device,” refers to the practice of students bringing their own laptops, tablets, smartphones, or other mobile devices with them to class. Intel coined the term in 2009, when the company observed that an increasing number of its employees were using their own devices and connecting them to the corporate network. Since then, this type of activity has become commonplace in workplaces all over the globe. The BYOD movement in education institutions is being driven by a major challenge that many institutions face — a lack of funds to support one-to-one learning, which is a systemic solution in which every student is provided a laptop or mobile device that can be used to support learning in and outside of the classroom. BYOD makes one-to-one easier by simply leveraging the devices that students already have, or those their parents could buy for them. In practice, it has proven important to provide funds to support families in financial need, and to standardize on a small set of devices and software packages. Often the school will negotiate advantageous pricing for families to reduce their costs. In early studies, the act of a student using his or her own device for learning has proven to increase productivity and engagement. Tablet computing has accelerated the pace of BYOD, especially in schools, where these smaller, less-expensive devices are seen as a better option than traditional laptops. With their ever-growing capabilities, tablets (which now include an expanding set of choices, such as the iPad, Galaxy, Nexus, and Surface), are well positioned for BYOD environments.

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013) > Very relevant in lower secondary school. Schools are struggling to provide students with computers and other devices that is on par with what they have at home or in their pocket. The problem with BYPD has to do with access to the schools network. Schools often have closed networks and it has been impossible for students to use different equipment than what the school has made available. The school computers are often located in separated computer labs and the use of them are often strictly regulated. Computer labs are often used to solve a specific task; usually web search with a following text output. In recent years schools have been equipped with well working WiFi networks with easy guest login. Students are now connected from the moment they walk into the school, but they are only allowed to use their own device outside the classroom. This is due to a traditional understanding of what teaching and learning is: It is conducted and controlled by the teacher, who often wants the students to do the same exercises at the same time. This is now changing, not least because teachers also have discovered how easy it is to use their own device: smartphones or tablet connected to a projector or a smart board.The problem that some students do not have personal device has over the years become increasingly smaller and can easily be solved; Schools can provided a laptop or mobile device for those. >
  • To enable one-to-one most schools in elementary and lower secondary probably will have to look at BYOD in one form or another. At least if they want devices with an acceptable standard. Whether it's a supplement where they allow the pupils to use their own device, or as the default solution where the schools supply pupils without personal devices a suitable one. The former is probably easier politically because of the equality principle we have. - snorre.lovas snorre.lovas Sep 16, 2013
  • Almost every student has a cell phone (at least from age 9). The access to tablets is growing rapidly. The digital divide is difficult to solve by non-targeted solutions. Smart use of smartphones should happen both while learning a specific subject and as part of the more general digital competencies. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013
  • More individually adapted and differentiated teaching practices require individual tools that the schools therefore should support – as far as possible with the aid of the students’ personal equipment. Centre for ICT in education has conducted a survey of Bring Your Own Device in school. BYOD means that students can bring their own tablet, phone and home PC and connect it to the school network, and access to school programs, apps etc. The organizational challenges are complex. The report refers to several technical and pedagogical challenges for school owners. Access to educational software and digital learning resources across different technical platforms is an example of the technical and pedagogical challenges. Among educational benefits the report points out the following:1) Better meet student needs - education and individual needs 2) Confidential with their own equipment: The student can use the equipment and the program he / she otherwise uses 3) Allows for more investigation and testing - which can help to increase motivation and learning 4) Provides a greater opportunity to acquire subject material, curriculum in different ways 5) Use of own equipment itself -can be motivating. This can only be achieved if the majority of students bring with them their own computer or similar for use in their daily studies.- morten.soby morten.soby Sep 16, 2013 >
  • BYOD is already implemented in my sector (Upper Secondary School), starting this year. I don't think the situation is very different for the teachers now because we've had 1:1 classroom environments for several years already with computers provided by the schools. I do believe that BYOD is a better solution because many/most students own better and more advanced computers already when they enter upper secondary education, and it is better use of public resources to invest in other areas such as teacher training, maybe more smart boards (I'm not sure if I believe in those for all teachers). It will also be a benefit for teachers that the students bring devices that they are familiar with, which hopefully will reduce the need for using valuable classroom time for support. [[user:ingunn.kjol.wiig|1379408261]] * The students already do bring their own devices, and not allowing them to use them when they need to is backwards at best.- stefan.reppe stefan.reppe Sep 17, 2013 Cellphones with their cameras are closely connected to the pupils activities and ways of expressing them selves. BYOD has a big potential in a number of subjects and specially in regards of visual communication. - Liv.Dahlin Liv.Dahlin Sep 23, 2013

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013) > Longer text productions are difficult without a keyboard. Data may be lost. Schools must have a good solution for data storage. BYOD provides greater flexibility and more creativity because students are experts on their own devices. BYOD makes it easy to document a work process or present results using images, audio and video. Students always have easy access to their notes and files; they are in their pocket.
  • Lower education in Norway is supposed to be free, and you have to find out how BYOD fits into that principle on a national scale. - snorre.lovas snorre.lovas Sep 16, 2013 * Cyberbullying is easier in a BYOD environment. Control is harder. And there is a need to move from using devices to consume, over to how to use the devices to participate. Learning should not be consumption, but active participation. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013 * As long as many teachers don't have the necessary digital competency to navigate and lead a classroom where young students are managing their own devices, I predict a lot of inefficiency and waisted time. Programs for teachers on how to be a competent leader in a technology rich environment must be implemented simultaneously. - ingunn.kjol.wiig ingunn.kjol.wiig Sep 17, 2013
  • I think it is necessary to differentiate and describe the needs in primary and secondary levels of K-12 education. A cell phone or tablet will probably be very useful in primary education (K1-6/7), whereas students in the latter part of K-12 will need a keyboard and/or a device that is compatible with the LMS they are connected to. - ingunn.kjol.wiig ingunn.kjol.wiig Sep 17, 2013
  • When students, and teachers, use a wide varieity of devices and OS the need for free, crossplatform and open software increases. Closed systems will not be able to keep up with the development and will (should?) slowly dissapear. - stefan.reppe stefan.reppe Sep 17, 2013

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on Norwegian K-12 education?

  • (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013) > It is already here.
  • Much greater access to devices when you need them. Maybe we'll end up with one-to-one with school owned devices at one point, but I doubt it. With BYOD it is we can get there faster. - snorre.lovas snorre.lovas Sep 16, 2013
  • - June.M.Breivik June.M.Breivik Sep 16, 2013 BOYD shifts the focus from device to content. When the children use a multitude of devices you are not locked to what one specific device can do, but on what is the task to be solved. Also the flexibility different devices gives by the fact that the teacher cant learn one way that works on one device, and the refuse to change device because that means new ways of doing things.
  • Ubiquity. Remember when you had to go to the library to look up stuff? When did you last do that? Information is available everywhere, all the time, in a variety of formats. One example is how kids use YouTube to figure out how to play Minecraft, learning by example. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013 * I think the impact will be most noticeable in K1-10 because we've had 1:1 computers in classrooms for years in K11-12(13). - ingunn.kjol.wiig ingunn.kjol.wiig Sep 17, 2013
  • In schoools the internet connection is under stress, and need to be upgraded. The networks will have to be open networks. Primary school in Norway is to be free yes. But i dont know if many schools are providing calculators for students anymoore. In the near future we will also stop providing "computers" because all students have one of their own. - stefan.reppe stefan.reppe Sep 17, 2013 BYOD could easily have a big impact on teaching methods, for instance it can provide a flexibility and speed to sharing documents, images, short videos between teachers and pupils and groups of pupils working together. BYOD will also have an impact on content made by the different devices, as images, videos and so on. An example could be the way the pupils use "selfies" as a communication and way of expressing themselves. - Liv.Dahlin Liv.Dahlin Sep 23, 2013

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • (- rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen rolf.oistein.barman-jenssen Sep 15, 2013) - sven.o.brekke sven.o.brekke Sep 20, 2013 In my secondary school in Odda we now have a wifi where the pupils can connect with their Feide identity, but we have not opened it for them yet. We ar discussing how to do this in a way that will try to take away som of the frustrations that we fear will come. One of them is the use of their phones in their sparetime. we do see that many pupils are very inactive between lessons because they use their phones all the time. If they start bullying with programs like ASK.fm in addition, we do have a problem. Many parents and teacher are scared and afraid and think that the best solution is to forbid the use of phones in schools. The parents mainly beacuse they fear bullying, many teachers also because they feel that ICT is threatening to their pedagogical practice. How shall we meet this with a proper teaching on how to use digital devices in a proper manner. Digital Dømmekraft. I also think that it is important to mention the distance between the digital pilots in school and the municipalities administrator of ICT. Very often we want to try things out, but we are not allowed to, or the firewalls effectively ruins the teachers attempt to be innovative. This is frustrating. I also think that the way the different counties initiated the 1-1 pc in upper secondary school has made it more difficult for the primary and secondary school. The focus has been to much on misusing the gadgets to be on Facebook or twitter instead of focusing on best practise and how the internet can improve learning. - sven.o.brekke sven.o.brekke Sep 20, 2013 I know several schools who are testing this. Using Windows8 computers, iPads and Smartphones. This year we did a survey among our 8.grade students (180 students). Everyone had a Smartphone. Only 2 of the 180 students responded that they did not have a computer at home.
  • There are several school districts using BYOD in upper secondary, both as the preferred solution and where they just allow pupils to use their own devices - snorre.lovas snorre.lovas Sep 16, 2013 * In higher ed the eCampus program is offering video capture solutions for BYOD (flipped classroom etc), as well as investigating assessment on BYOD. - ingrid.melve ingrid.melve Sep 16, 2013 The artist Eivind Lenz has for the last 10 years worked with cellphone cameras with pupils and teachers all over Norway. More than 10 000 kids have participated in his "SE(E) ME(G)" project. Within this project they cover core subjects within social media, use of pictures and how to behave online. http://www.seemeg.no/
- Liv.Dahlin Liv.Dahlin Sep 23, 2013